Ranthambore Tiger Reserve
Context: Six tigers have been unaccounted for since March 2020 in the Ranthambore tiger sanctuary, Rajasthan.
- Ranthambore Tiger Reserve lies in the eastern part of Rajasthan state in Karauli and Sawai Madhopur districts, at the junction of the Aravali and Vindhya hill ranges.
- It comprises of the Ranthambore National Park as well as Sawai Mansingh and Keladevi Sanctuaries. Geographically, narrow corridors link the two sanctuaries to the reserve’s core– the National Park. This isolated area with tigers in it represents the north-western limit of the Bengal tiger’s distribution range and is an outstanding example of Project Tiger’s efforts for conservation in the country.
- The Ranthambore Reserve is the only source of tigers in the territory with about 53 tigers constituting over 90% of the population in this block.
- Flora: The forest type is mainly tropical dry deciduous with ‘dhak’ (Butea monsoperma), a species of tree capable of withstanding long periods of drought, being the commonest. This tree is also called as ‘Flame of forest’ and is one of the many flowering plants that add colour to the dry summers here.
- The Ranthambhore fort, from which the forests derive their name, is said to have a rich history of over 1000 years. It is strategically located atop a 700 feet tall hill within the park and is believed to have been built in 944 AD by a Chauhan ruler.
Tiger Census 2018
- India has 2,967 tigers, a third more than in 2014.
- Ranthambore, according to this exercise, had 55 tigers.
- Madhya Pradesh has the highest number of tigers at 526, closely followed by Karnataka (524) and Uttarakhand (442).
- Chhattisgarh and Mizoram saw a decline in tiger population and all other States saw an increase.
Source: The Hindu
Global Hunger Index (GHI)
Context: Government raised concerns about their methodology, data accuracy and sample size of GHI.
GHI 2020: India Ranking
- India ranked 94 among 107 nations and is in the ‘serious’ hunger category.In 2019, India was ranked 102 out of 107 countries.
- 14% of India’s population is undernourished.
- It also showed the country recorded a 37.4% stunting rate among children under five and a wasting rate of 17.3%. The under-five mortality rate stood at 3.7%.
- The neighbouring Bangladesh, Myanmar and Pakistan too are in the ‘serious’ category but ranked higher than India. While Bangladesh ranked 75, Myanmar and Pakistan are in the 78th and 88th position.
- Nepal in 73rd and Sri Lanka in 64th position are in ‘moderate’ hunger category.
- GHI is a peerreviewed annual report.
- It is jointly published by Concern Worldwide, an Irelandbased humanitarian group, and Welthungerhilfe, a Germany based NGO, designed to comprehensively measure and track hunger at the global, regional, and country levels.
- The aim of publishing the report is to trigger action to reduce hunger around the world.
- According to the GHI website, the data for the indicators come from the United Nations and other multilateral agencies, including the World Health Organization and the World Bank.
- Wasting is children who have low weight for their height, reflecting acute undernutrition.
- Stunting is children under the age of five who have low height for their age, reflecting chronic under tuition.
Source: The Hindu
The Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order (Amendment) Bill, 2021
- The Lok Sabha passed The Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order (Amendment) Bill, 2021.
- It seeks to put seven castes under one nomenclature of “Devendrakula Vellalars” with some exceptions for some of the castes in certain districts of Tamil Nadu.
- The seven castes include
Source: The Hindu
Context: Trinamool Congress ﬂagged the Election Commission’s decision of not permitting the State police within 100 m of a polling station. The EC had noted that only Central forces would be deployed close to the polling stations.
- THE Election Commission is a permanent and an independent body established by the Constitution of India.
- Its to ensure free and fair elections in the country.
- Article 324 of the Constitution provides that the power ofsuperintendency, direction and control of elections to parliament, state legislatures, The office of President of India and the office of Vice President shall be vested in the EC.
- It shall consist of the chief election commissioner and such number of other election commissioners, if any, as the president may from time to time fix.
- The appointment of CEC and other election commissioners shall be by the president.
- The president may also appoint after consultation with the election commission such regional commissioners as he may consider necessary to assist the election commission.
- The conditions of service and tenure of the election commissioners and the regional commissioners shall be determined by the president.
- They hold office for a term of 6 years or until the age of 65 years, whichever is earlier.
Source: The Hindu
Diamond Jubilee of The Cobras
- Indian Naval Air Squadron (INAS) 310, The Cobras is celebrating its Diamond Jubilee on 21 Mar 21.
- It is a maritime reconnaissance squadron of the Indian Navy based at Goa.Commissioned at Hyéres, France on 21 Mar 61, INAS 310 is the most decorated unit of the Indian Navy.
- INAS 310 has rendered yeoman service to the nation in numerous operations since 1961 and continues to carry out daily surveillance operations over the coastline.
- It operated the carrier borne Alize aircraft until 1991 and subsequently migrated to the shore based Dornier-228 aircraft.
In the last one year, amidst the COVID-19 pandemic, flying across the length and breadth of the nation, the aircraft of the squadron have delivered critical medical supplies, COVID test kits and transported medical teams and samples, clocking close to 1000 sorties.