Current Affair – June 10, 2021

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CURRENT AFFAIRS

Minimum Support Price (MSP)

  • The Central government has hiked the minimum support price (MSP) for common paddy to ₹1,940 a quintal for the coming kharif season, less than 4% higher than last year’s price of ₹1,868.
  • The decision was taken by the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs.

About the decision

  • In a bid to encourage crop diversification, there were slightly higher increases in the MSP for pulses, oilseeds and coarse cereals.
  • Butter and urad dal saw the MSP rise by ₹300, a 5% increase to ₹6,300 a quintal, while the highest absolute increase was for sesamum, whose MSP rose 6.6% to ₹7,307.
  • Groundnut and nigerseedsaw an increase of ₹275 and ₹235 respectively. However, maize saw a minimal hike of just

₹20 to ₹1,870 a quintal.

What is MSP?

  • The MSP is the rate at which the government purchases crops from farmers, and is based on a calculation of at least 1 ½ times the cost of production incurred by the farmers.
  • This year, the MSP for bajra was set at 85% above the cost of production, while the MSP for urad and tur will en sure 60% returns. The MSPs for the remaining crops were mostly set around the stipulated 50% above the cost of production

Crops covered

  • The Centre currently fixes MSPs for 23 farm commodities
    • 7 cereals (paddy, wheat, maize, bajra, jowar, ragi and barley),
    • 5 pulses (chana, arhar/tur, urad, moong and masur),
    • 7 oilseeds (rapeseed-mustard, groundnut, soyabean, sunflower, sesamum, safflower and nigerseed) and
    • 4 commercial crops (cotton, sugarcane, copra and raw jute).

How the govt decides on the MSP?

  • In India, there are two major cropping seasons, namely ‘Rabi’ and ‘Kharif’.
  • The government announces the MSP at the start of each cropping season.
  • The MSP is decided after the government exhaustively studies the major points made by the Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices.
  • These recommendations are based on some pre-fixed formulae. This includes the actual cost incurred, implicit family labour as well as the sot of fixed assets or rent paid by the farmers.
  • In technical terms, these variables are called A2, FL and C2. The MSP is calculated by the government by often adding all these.

Is MSP legal?

No. While Centre has been providing the MSP to the wheat and paddy farmers since mid-60s to tide over the food crisis, the fact remains that the MSP doesn’t have any legal stature.

Source: Indian Express

Pakke Tiger Reserve

More than 200 contingency workers of the Pakke Tiger Reserve in Arunachal Pradesh went on an indianite strike from over nonpayment of wages

About Pakke TR

  • Pakke Wildlife Sanctuary and Pakke Tiger Reserve falls in the East Kameng district. Its Southern border merges with the inner line, State borderline between Assam and Arunachal.

· The tract of the protected area falls within the land area of Pakke river and Kameng river.

  • It has an area of 861.95 Sq.Km with geographical variations of terai and rugged siwalik ranges.

Fauna

  • HornBill. It lays eggs inside the holes in a tall tree. The female incubates the eggs until they hatch, while the male seals the entrance to the nest with mud and twigs. It keeps only a tiny aperture to feed its partner. During this time, the male bird fetches food and feed its partner every few minutes. The female can only come out when the male breaks open the entrance of the hole – only when the chicks are ready to fly. It is very much necessary to preserve such tall trees in the forest for giving proper habitat to hornbill.
  • Preservation of hornbill: The tribal population used to wear the head-gear (cap) with the beak of hornbill. Even the meat of the bird was a delicacy to them. But with the motivation of the Sanctuary authority and with the help of local leader, an institutional out look and norms have taken place. The tribal have decided not to hunt any animals or birds and a substitution of plastic made hornbill beak has been accepted by the local society.
  • Elephant is very common on this part. It is the ideal home for elephant and most of such population is resident. As the area has no settlement except on the bank of the Pakke River, so there is little or no such incident of man – elephant conflicts as it is very common in the other parts of the country.
  • Tiger the king of the forest has his territory with all the bases and segments of the biological pyramid. It is known that tiger cannot survive, in isolation and its is the habitat which is more important to preserve for the management of tiger.
  • Barking deer and Hog deer: The population is quite optimum to support the population of tiger.
  • Hornbill and White Winged Wood Duck.

Flaura

  • Passing through the stretch of Northern tropical semi evergreen forest one gradually notices the change in the ecological condition of the vegetation representing the Northern tropical evergreen forests.
  • Most of the hill slopes and upper reaches the vegetation is more of evergreen where as along the river course for a few distance the vegetation is more of riverine and deciduous, occasionally meeting with cane and Bamboo breaks.
  • Humid condition provides a room for the growth of epiphytes, mosses, ferns etc. the lofty tree trunk covered with varieties of lichen and moss gives a niche for orchids, which are quite common at sight while passing through the forests.
  • Some of the species of trees as one comes across during a journey in the area of the Sanctuary area, such as, Tetramelesnudiflora, Terminaliamyriocarpa, Stereospermumchelonioides, etc.
Source: The Hindu

National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR)

National Commission for Protection of Child Rights is collecting details of children affected by the pandemic from all State governments and the administration of Union Territories. It has drawn the Supreme Court’s attention to public announcements by some unscrupulous agencies inviting interested people to adopt the children and also disclosing the children’s identities.

About NCPCR

  • It was set up in March 2007 under the Commissions for Protection of Child Rights (CPCR) Act, 2005, an Act of Parliament (December 2005).

· The Child is defined as a person in the 0 to 18 years age group.   It is a statutory body under the Commissions for Protection of Child Rights (CPCR) Act, 2005 under the administrative control of the Ministry of Women & Child Development ,Government of India.

  • The Commission’s Mandate is to ensure that all Laws, Policies,

Programmes, and Administrative Mechanisms are in consonance with the Child Rights perspective as enshrined in the Constitution of India and also the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.

  • It emphasizes the principle of universality and inviolability of child rights and recognizes the tone of urgency in all the child related policies of the country. For the Commission, protection of all children in the 0 to 18 years age group is of equal importance. Thus, policies define priority actions for the most vulnerable children.

The Child is defined as a person in the 0 to 18 years age group.

Source: The Hindu

Agriculture Exports Performance in 2020-2021

  • After remaining stagnant for the past three years (USD 38.43 billion in 2017-18, USD 38.74 billion in 2018-19 and USD

35.16 billion 2019-20), the export of agriculture and allied products (including marine and plantation products) during 2020-21jumped to USD 41.25 billion,indicating an increase of 17.34%.

· India has been able to take advantage of the increased demand for staples during the COVID-19 period.

Items-wise

  • Largest markets for India’s agriculture products are USA, China, Bangladesh, UAE, Vietnam, Saudi Arabia, Indonesia, Nepal, Iran and Malaysia.
  • Exports to most of these destinations have registered growth, with highest growth being recorded for Indonesia (102.42%), Bangladesh (95.93%) and Nepal (50.49%).
  • India exported to several countries for the first time. For example Rice has been exported to countries like Timor- Leste, Puerto Rico, Brazil, etc. for the first time. Similarly wheat has been exported to countries like Yemen, Indonesia, Bhutan, etc and other cereals have been exported to Sudan, Poland Bolivia, etc.

Export Clusters

  • Exports have also taken place from several clusters for the first time.
  • Export of fresh vegetables and mangoes from Varanasi and black Rice from Chandauli has taken place for the first time, directly benefitting farmers of the area.

· Oranges from Nagpur, banana from Theni and Ananthpur, mango from Lucknow etc.

Implementation of Agriculture Export Policy and Export Promotion Measures

· The first ever Agriculture Export Policy (AEP) was introduced by the Government in December 2018.

  • As a part of the process of implementation of AEP, eighteen States viz. Maharashtra, U.P., Kerala, Nagaland, Tamil Nadu, Assam, Punjab, Karnataka, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Manipur, Sikkim, Nagaland, Mizoram and Uttarakhand and the 2 UTsviz Ladakh and Andaman & Nicobar Islands have finalized the State specific Action Plan.

Cluster Development

As part of the Agriculture Export Policy, 46 unique product-district clusters have been identified for export promotion.

·  Varanasi cluster (Fresh Vegetables)

  • Ananthpur Cluster (Banana)
  • Nagpur cluster (Orange)
  • Lucknow cluster (Mango)

·  Theni cluster (Banana)

  • Pomegranate Cluster, Maharashtra
  • Mango Cluster, Andhra Pradesh
  • Mango Cluster, Telangana

·  Rose Onion cluster, Karnataka

  • Banana Cluster, Gujarat
  • Banana Cluster, Maharashtra
  • Onion Cluster, Maharashtra
  • Grapes Cluster, Maharashtra

Focus on new products

  • Organically certified Moringa Leaves powder and seven unique value added products of Moringa Vacuum Freeze Dried Ethnic Village rice from Kumbakonam, Tamil Nadu to multiple destinations of Australia, Vietnam and Ghana.
  • Commercial consignments of the patented ‘village rice’ sourced from Kumbakonam was exported to Ghana & Yemen via air & sea routes.
  • The first consignment of Red Rice was shipped to USA. Iron rich ‘Red rice’ is grown in Brahmaputra valley, Assam (referred to as Bao-dhaan)
  • Flavored jaggery powder was exported to USA.
  • The first consignment of millets grown in Himalayas, Uttarakhand has been exported to Denmark.
  • Consignment of Banganapalli (GI certified) &Survarnarekha mangoes sourced from farmers in Krishna & Chittoor districts of Andhra Pradesh was exported to South Korea.
  • Geographical Indication (GI) certified DahanuGholvadSapota sourced from farmers in Dahanu-Gholvadtaluka of Palghar, Maharashtra was exported to UK.
  • Shahi Litchi from Bihar to United Kingdom,.
  • Fresh jackfruit from Tripura to London.
  • Saffron and dry fruits from the UT of Jammu and Kashmir to Saudi Arabia.
  • Jamun fruit (black plum-500kgs) was sent to London by air for the first time from Lucknow, U.P.

Ensuring adherence to EU norms for export of Basmati rice to EU

  • Pesticide residue problems have affected Basmati rice exports to EU due to stringent norms imposed by EU for chemicals like Tricyclazole and Buprofezin, which are extensively used in rice cultivation in India.
  • EIC testing has been made mandatory for Basmati exports to EU, which led to decrease in the number of alerts.As a result of constant follow-up, the Government of Punjab imposed a ban on sale of 9 chemicals, including tricyclazole and buprofezin, during the Kharif season 2020.
Source: PIB

Study on Effect of CO2 on Monsoons

  • A new study by Brown University in the United States throws light on Effect of increased CO2 on Monsoons.
  • The conclusions derived by the study bolster climate model predictions that rising CO2 and higher global temperatures will lead to stronger monsoons.
  • Researchers recovered sediment core samples from beneath the Bay of Bengal seafloor in November 2014. These samples consist of sediment and fossils. They preserve a record of monsoon activity spanning millions of years.

Study findings

  • There will be increased rainfall due to the south Asian monsoon in the future as global carbon dioxide (CO2) levels increase.
  • Periodic changes in the intensity of monsoon rainfall over the past 900,000 years were associated with fluctuations in atmospheric CO2, continental ice volume and moisture import from the southern hemisphere Indian Ocean.

·  Periods of more intense monsoon winds and rainfall tended to follow peaks in atmospheric CO2 and low points in global ice volume.

Brief of study

  • In a warming world, there’s going to be more water vapour in the atmosphere

· In general, regions that get a lot of rain now are going to get more rain in the future. In terms of the south Asians monsoons, that’s entirely consistent with this study.

  • The south Asian monsoon was arguably the single most powerful expression of Earth’s hydroclimate. Some locations got several metres of rain each summer.
  • The rains are vital to the region’s agriculture and economy, but can also cause flooding and crop disruption in years when they’re particularly heavy.
  • Because the monsoons played such a large role in the lives of nearly 1.4 billion people, understanding how climate change might affect them is critical.
Source: Down-to-earth

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