Revolt of 1857 (First War of Independence against British)

Introduction The Revolt of 1857 was a major uprising in India during 1857-58 against the British regime. But it was unsuccessful and was superseded by the British East India Company, which ruled and acted as a sovereign power on behalf of the British Crown. It is regarded as one of the severe outbursts of resentment… Continue reading Revolt of 1857 (First War of Independence against British)

East India Company & British Rule

Introduction On 31 December 1600, The British East India Company received a Royal Charter from the British monarch Elizabeth I to trade with East Indies. The company went to colonise the Indian Subcontinent. On arriving in India, the East India Company had to face Dutch and French opposition as they were the main contestants for… Continue reading East India Company & British Rule

Economic Impact of British Rule

Three Stages of British Colonialism First phase: The Mercantile phase (1757-1813) The East India Company used its Political power to monopolize trade and dictate terms to traders of Bengal. Imposition of inflated prices of goods led to buccaneering capitalism whereby wealth flowed out of barrel of British trader’s gun. Revenues of Bengal were used to… Continue reading Economic Impact of British Rule

Expansion of British Empire (In the context of Bengal, Mysore, Punjab etc.)

Bengal Murshid Quli Khan (1717-27): In 1717, Murshid Quli Khan was appointed as Bengal’s Subedar i.e. governor by Mughal emperor Farrukh Siyar. He transferred the capital of Bengal from Dacca to Murshidabad. Shujauddin (1727-39): He was son-in-law of Murshid Quli Khan. He was granted the governorship of Bihar by Mughal Emperor Muhammad Shah ‘Rangeela’ in… Continue reading Expansion of British Empire (In the context of Bengal, Mysore, Punjab etc.)

The Maratha State (1674-1720) & Maratha Confederacy (1720-1818)

The Maratha State: 1674-1720 1. Shivaji: 1674-1680 Shivaji was born at Shivneri Fort in 1627. Father Name: Shahji Bhonsle Mother Name: Jija Bai Religious Teacher: Samarth Ramdas He inherited the jagir of Poona from his father in 1637. At the age of 16 he captured the Torna fort, followed by many more forts. He created an independent… Continue reading The Maratha State (1674-1720) & Maratha Confederacy (1720-1818)

The Delhi Sultanate

The Ruler of Delhi The Delhi Sultanate was an Islamic empire based in Delhi that stretched over large parts of the Indian subcontinent for 320 years (1206–1526). Five dynasties ruled over the Delhi Sultanate sequentially: the Mamulk dynasty (1206–1290), the Khalji dynasty (1290–1320), the Tughluq dynasty (1320–1414), the Sayyid dynasty (1414–1451), and the Lodi dynasty… Continue reading The Delhi Sultanate

Gupta Period (319 AD-540 AD)

Introduction In 4th Century AD a new dynasty, the Gupta, arose in Magadha and established a large kingdom over the greater part Northern India (thought their empire was not as large as that of the Mauryas).Their rule lasted for more than 200 years. This period is referred as the ‘Classical Age’ or ‘Golden Age’ of… Continue reading Gupta Period (319 AD-540 AD)

The Sangam Period (1st-3rd Century AD)

Three Early Kingdoms Kingdom Emblem Capital First Ruler Famous Ruler The Chera Bow Vanjji/Karayur Udiyangeral Senguttuvan(Red Chera) The Chola Tiger Uraiaur Elara Karikala The Pandya Fish Madurai Mudukudumi Nendujeliyan The Chera The Chera country occupied the portion of both Kerala and Tamil Nadu. The Capital of Cheras was Vajji. Its main ports were Muzris and… Continue reading The Sangam Period (1st-3rd Century AD)

Indus Valley Civilization

INTRODUCTION The oldest name- Indus civilization. The most accepted period -: 2500 BC-1750 BC (by carbon-14 dating). John Marshall was the first scholar to use the term ‘Indus Civilization’. The Indus Civilization belongs to the Proto-Historic period (Chalcoilthic age/Bronze age). Important innovations of this civilization include standardized weights and measures, seal carving, and metallurgy with… Continue reading Indus Valley Civilization